A garter spring is either a helical compression spring (space between coils) or a helical extension spring (close wound coils) that is coiled in a length, with both ends connected to form a ring or circle. The manufacturing process includes coiling, stress relieving and assembly of ends if required. Garter springs are typically manufactured right-hand wound with a tapered end, where the tapered end screws into the opposite end. They can also be manufactured with loops at each end that can be assembled together. With either type of garter spring end, the strength of the ends must be appropriate to prevent separation or disassembly.
Custom Garter Spring Designs
M & S Spring manufactures both compression and extension garter springs. Compression garter spring designs (coils are closed or touching) provide a constant contracting force; the same force that a rubber band produces. These types of garter springs are typically applied by expanding them over items or details to hold them together. An extension garter spring design (pitch or space between coils) provides a constant expanding force, and are most commonly used inside of an application where an outward force is needed.
At M & S Spring, we make your spring purchasing experience simple by providing you with accurate design input while meeting your demands for quality, price, and delivery. This is accomplished by using our customized Customer Order Management System (COMS) software, our spring design software, and specialized spring manufacturing equipment.
Common Industries & Applications for Garter Springs
Garter springs are found throughout many industries and applications. Here are some common industries and applications where garter springs are used:
- Oil Seals
- Small motor belts
- Sprag clutches
Garter Spring Materials
Spring steels most commonly used in our process for manufacturing garter springs are Music and Stainless Steel wire. Our garter spring manufacturing capacity typically ranges in wire diameters from .020″ up to .105″, with many of our prototype and short-run orders ranging from these sizes.
Below details the common materials and grades that we work with, but if the material needed for your project isn’t listed, please feel free to fill out a quote today!
|High Carbon Spring Wire||Music Wire||ASTM A228|
|Hard Drawn||ASTM A227|
|Oil Tempered||ASTM A229|
|Alloy Steel Wire||Chrome Silicon||ASTM A401|
|Chrome Silicon Valve||ASTM A877|
|Stainless Steel Wire||302||ASTM A313 (AISI 302/304)|
|316||ASTM A313 (AISI 316)|
|17-7 PH||ASTM A313 (631)|
|Non-Ferrous Alloy Wire||Phosphor Bronze||ASTM B159|
|Beryllium Copper||ASTM B197|
|High Temperature Alloy Wire||Inconel 600||ASTM B166|
|Inconel x750||AMS 5698, 5699|
|Special Purpose Alloys – Wire||Elgiloy||AMS 5833|
|Low Carbon Spring Wire||Cold Rolled Steel (CRS)||ASTM A510 / ASTM A853|